Department of Politics and Society

Research project by FREIA - Center for Gender Research

bEUcitizen: “All Rights Reserved: Barriers to European Citizenship”

bEUcitizen: “All Rights Reserved: Barriers to European Citizenship”

Twenty years after the EU introduced the concept of ‘European Citizenship’ in the Treaty of Maastricht, the bEUcitizen project is multinational and multidisciplinary project, which focuses on the barriers that still exist to realise and exercise all aspects of citizenship rights of EU citizens.

Last modified: 01.05.2013

Work package: Balancing Gender and Generational Rights

Discrepancies  between  civil,  political,  social  and  economic  citizenship  rights  and  obligations  of   European  and non-European  citizens  as family  members  are multiple,  within  and among  Member States, and between the EU and Members States. These discrepancies have important effects on family life, gender equality, young adults and vulnerable elderly people. In addition, in a tendency towards nativism and  nationalism,  the  political  discourse  constructs  a nostalgic ‘familiarism’ by fixing ‘appropriate’ ways of gender and generational relations that are inclusive, and by consequence exclusive in hindering citizens to move across borders. These two current tendencies are difficult to integrate. On the one hand, women, young adults, vulnerable elderly people and same-sex couples could so far rely on and benefit from EU’s regulations, guidelines and directives that stress gender  equality,  the right to move (Youth  on the Move),  the right to family  life and reproductive rights, and patients’ rights to (health)care services. In many Member States, however, such claims are perverted  by nationalistic  politicians  to exclude  non-EU  citizens  by setting  additional  cultural  and social criteria  for  gaining  full  citizenship.  One way is ‘to integrate differences in the language of citizenship’ in a context of demobilisation of women’s  social movements  and increasing  stress on ‘active citizenship’ . On the other hand, women, young adults and older people as family members with care responsibilities and care need have to deal with the EU prioritization of individualized  market citizenship above social citizenship.

 Please see public version (Grant Agreement No. 320294).


Professor Birte Siim, Department of Culture and Global Studies, Aalborg University
Kroghstræde 3, 9220 Aalborg East

Associate Professor Lise Rolandsen Agustín, Department of Culture and Global Studies, Aalborg University
Kroghstræde 3, 9220 Aalborg East


The following are partners in WP 9: Balancing Gender and Generational Citizenship: Trudie Knijn, Professor of Interdisciplinary Social Science, Utrecht University; Ass. Professor of Sociology, Manuela Naldini, University of Turin; Andrea Krizsan Dr. in Political Science, European University Institute, Budapest; Birgitte Unger; Professor of Public Sector Economics, Utrecht University; Hans von den Broek, Professor of Sociology, University of Orviedo; Josip Sipic, P.D. Candidate in Comparative Politics, Zagreb University; John Gal, Professor of Social Work  and Social welfare, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem.


The bEUcitizen project is a 4 year EU-funded research project within the 7. Framework Program (2013-2017).  The project Consortium includes 26 Institutes from 19 countries in and outside Europe coordinated by Utrecht University. The total budget is 8429336€, 6490312€ of this is paid by EU. Aalborg University gets 206224 € (1536375 dkk) and 155789 € (1174594 dkk) is paid by the EU.

The project started May 1 2013, and ends April 30, 2017.


Department of Politics and Society • Fibigerstræde 1 og 3, 9220 Aalborg East • Frederikskaj 10B, 2450 Copenhagen SV
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